Feb 2, 2022
Apr 21, 2014
Feb 2, 2022

Sindhu Raga

Sindhu Raga

c. 1720

Gum tempera and ink on paper

Overall: 48.1 x 27.9 cm (18 15/16 x 11 in.)

Gift of Dr. Norman Zaworski 2004.110

Did you know?

Most of the warriors are on horseback and are armed with bows and arrows, swords, lances, and shields, as well as rifles. Two elephants appear in the foreground.


The inscription at the top identifies this painting as Sindhu Raga, which is the raga (or musical mode) of heroic sentiment. The painting is meant to elicit the same feelings in the viewer as a rousing piece of music played in the Sindhu key.
Paintings of Sindhu Raga depict battle scenes. In this example, the composition conveys the chaotic melee and violence of war. Heads are being lopped off; carrion birds swoop down unfazed. Above the horizon against the sky at the far right is the god of war, Karttikeya, in his chariot. Three angels carry garlands for the dead.

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