Nov 12, 2009
Nov 12, 2009

Daedalic Pendant with Potnia Theron (Mistress of Animals)

Daedalic Pendant with Potnia Theron (Mistress of Animals)

650–600 BC

Gold and glass

Overall: 3 x 2 cm (1 3/16 x 13/16 in.)

John L. Severance Fund 1999.88

Location

Description

The pendant received in 2001 (2001.157) was originally from the same necklace as the identical pendant acquired by the museum in 1999 (1999.88). Both are exceptionally well preserved and depict the winged goddess Artemis, frontally posed and flanked by two lions. Each lion stands obediently on its hind legs, one forepaw placed symmetrically near the goddess's waist, head turned back. In Homer's Iliad, Artemis is called potnia theron, which means "mistress of the animals," a reference that may be applied to this image of the goddess. On the pendants, her image was created in a sheet of gold by burnishing it over a wooden, ceramic, or stone form. Alternating cloisons of green and blue glass enamel within an undulating gold wire frame the goddess and represent the earliest use of this substance yet known in Greek gold jewelry. The small loops at the bottom of the pendants probably held chains attached to pomegranate-shaped beads.

See also
Collection: 
GR - Greek
Department: 
Greek and Roman Art
Type of artwork: 
Metalwork

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