Dec 7, 2007

The Calvary

The Calvary

c. 1520

Daniel I Hopfer

(German, c. 1470-1536)


Edwin R. and Harriet Pelton Perkins Memorial Fund 1995.14

Catalogue raisonné: Hollstein XV.54.19



Although recipes for etching iron and steel are recorded at least as early as 1400, scholars have been unable to show that armor designs were etched in Italy or Germany before the end of the 15th century. As early as 1500 iron plates were also used to make prints, probably first in Augsburg, Germany, in the workshop of Daniel Hopfer. Etching allows the artist to draw freely on the plate and so is less laborious than engraving. Because of the acid then available, only iron or steel plates could be used and these rusted. For this reason only a small number of etchings were made (including six by Albrecht Dürer) until about 1550, when the technical difficulties of using copper plates had been overcome.

See also
PR - Etching
Type of artwork: 

Contact us

The information about this object, including provenance information, is based on historic information and may not be currently accurate or complete. Research on objects is an ongoing process, but the information about this object may not reflect the most current information available to CMA. If you notice a mistake or have additional information about this object, please email

To request more information about this object, study images, or bibliography, contact the Ingalls Library Reference Desk.

Request a digital file from Image Services that is not available through CC0, a detail image, or any image with a color bar. If you have questions about requesting an image, please email