calligraphy: c. 1500–1540; border: c. 1630–40
(Persian, active in Herat, Afghanistan, died c. 1550)
Gum tempera, gold, and ink on paper
Overall: 36.8 x 25.2 cm (14 1/2 x 9 15/16 in.)
Gift of Herbert F. Leisy in memory of his wife, Helen Stamp Leisy 1977.207
On the right, two white-throated kingfishers, a species native to Asia, sit on thin vines.
About 100 years after the calligraphy was completed by a Persian master and embellished with gold and floral arabesques, the small page was mounted into an album for the Mughal emperor of India. Mughal artists filled the outer border with floral vines, blooming and budding with many varieties. Pairs of birds perch throughout; male and female deer relax, listening to the birdsong. The Indian artists chose to emphasize nature’s abundance and life-giving forces, whereas the Persian artists sought to achieve exquisite, gemlike refinement.
The central poem, by Ibn-i Yamin (Persian, 1286–1368), encourages the reader not to worry about unexpected calamities.
The information about this object, including provenance, may not be currently accurate. If you notice a mistake or have additional information about this object, please email [email protected].
To request more information about this object, study images, or bibliography, contact the Ingalls Library Reference Desk.
All images and data available through Open Access can be downloaded for free. For images not available through Open Access, a detail image, or any image with a color bar, request a digital file from Image Services.