Aug 28, 2009
Aug 31, 2009

Pair of Masks

Pair of Masks

c. 1945–50

Part of a set. See all set records

Duga of Mẹkọ

(Nigerian, Yorùbá peoples, 1880–1960)

Wood and paint

Part 1: 77.7 cm (30 9/16 in.); Part 2: 86 cm (33 7/8 in.)

Gift of Katherine C. White 1975.168

Did you know?

Duga received a kind of "scholarship" for his apprenticeship with a master carver in Ketu. The Gẹ̀lẹ̀dé society paid for his training in exchange for masks he later carved for them.


Men in the Gẹ̀lẹ̀dé society performed paired masks like these during annual masquerades honoring Ìyá Nlá (Great Mother). The event demonstrates respect for motherhood and female power within a male-dominated society. These gẹ̀lẹ̀dé masks depict idealized “beautiful maidens” with crocodiles perched atop their head ties. Such dangerous reptiles were linked to witches and the thunder god; their jointed tails swung realistically during performance. Multiple paint layers show how these masks were repainted to keep them looking fresh. Masks like these gained Duga his reputation as Mẹkọ’s best sculptor and a noted early 20th-century Yorùbá artist.

See also
African Art
African Art
Type of artwork: 

Contact us

The information about this object, including provenance, may not be currently accurate. If you notice a mistake or have additional information about this object, please email

To request more information about this object, study images, or bibliography, contact the Ingalls Library Reference Desk.

All images and data available through Open Access can be downloaded for free. For images not available through Open Access, a detail image, or any image with a color bar, request a digital file from Image Services.