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Etching and aquatint
Gift of The Print Club of Cleveland 1973.137.5
© 2006 Estate of Pablo Picasso/Artists Rights Society (ARS), New York (Cleveland only).
Catalogue raisonné: Baer III.108.616 (Baer addendum p. 38)
This two-page, viciously satirical response to the Spanish civil war is among the most politically motivated works in Picasso’s career. The prints were sold in a limited edition of 1,000 copies at the Spanish Pavilion of the Paris Universal Exposition to raise money for the Spanish refugee relief campaign. Since the printing process reversed the images, the frames should be read from the upper right to the lower left. Here Picasso portrayed General Francisco Franco as a deformed monster, crusading in a ship, smashing art, disguising himself as a woman, praying, killing, and creating overall havoc and mayhem.
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