Oct 12, 2005
Oct 22, 2007

1941 (relief)

1941 (relief)


Ben Nicholson

(British, 1894–1978)

Oil on wood

Framed: 46.7 x 65.4 x 5.1 cm (18 3/8 x 25 3/4 x 2 in.)

Contemporary Collection of The Cleveland Museum of Art 1965.449



One of the pioneers of abstract art in Great Britain, Ben Nicholson merged Cubist principles of design with suggestive shapes inspired by Surrealism. This construction of painted wood displays the principles of compositional harmony and purity of form characteristic of his “white reliefs,” which are considered his greatest contribution to modern art. With its disciplined approach to compositional arrangement, 1941 reflects the influence of Nicholson’s close relationship with Dutch artist Piet Mondrian.

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