(San Ildefonso Pueblo, about 1887–1980)
(San Ildefonso Pueblo, 1909–2002)
Blackware ceramic, slip
Overall: 4 x 38.5 cm (1 9/16 x 15 3/16 in.)
The Harold T. Clark Educational Extension Fund 1951.363
María Martinez and her husband, Julián, achieved international fame for black-on-black ware, which they began to make in 1918. The process involves painting a pattern in slip—a creamy mix of clay and water—on a surface that has already been uniformly slipped and then polished. With firing, the exposed polished areas become glossy while the second layer of slip retains a matte finish. Along with her husband, María Martinez worked with other family members, here her daughter-in-law Santana Roybal Martinez.
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