Feb 11, 2013
Jan 3, 2008
Oct 7, 2008
Feb 11, 2013

Portrait of a Man

Portrait of a Man


John I Smart

(British, 1741–1811)

Watercolor on ivory in a gold and seed pearl frame

Framed: 7.1 x 5.5 cm (2 13/16 x 2 3/16 in.); Unframed: 6.2 x 4.5 cm (2 7/16 x 1 3/4 in.)

The Edward B. Greene Collection 1943.651


Did you know?

This miniature is housed in its original gold frame set with real half pearls.


This unknown sitter has remarkably light blue eyes, a ruddy complexion, and powdered hair worn en queue. He wears a brown coat with a white cravat and waistcoat. The background is muddy brown. The miniature is housed in its original gold frame, which is set with genuine half pearls. This man was painted in 1789 when John Smart was working in Madras, India. He is probably a Madras civil servant or merchant.
This work is typical of Smart’s portraits of nonmilitary gentlemen living in India. Two other miniatures also painted by Smart in India in 1789 show striking similarities: Portrait of the Hon. Basil Cochrane and Portrait of Benjamin Torin. Like the CMA sitter, both of these gentlemen are dressed in dark coats with brass buttons, nearly identical cravats, and waistcoats. They wear their hair en queue, and a dusting of powder is visible on their wide coat collars. In each portrait the sheen of the skin, particularly on the nose, cheeks, and temples, suggests perspiration, a quality thrown into greater relief by the dull brown backgrounds. Although all three men wear a pleasant facial expression and are styled nearly identically, their facial features are highly distinctive and bear testimony to Smart’s capacity to capture a sitter’s likeness even when his production was in many ways systematized.

See also

Contact us

The information about this object, including provenance, may not be currently accurate. If you notice a mistake or have additional information about this object, please email [email protected].

To request more information about this object, study images, or bibliography, contact the Ingalls Library Reference Desk.

All images and data available through Open Access can be downloaded for free. For images not available through Open Access, a detail image, or any image with a color bar, request a digital file from Image Services.