Jul 18, 2014
Aug 24, 2006
Dec 1, 2005

Music (from the Tarocchi, series C: Liberal Arts, #26)

Music (from the Tarocchi, series C: Liberal Arts, #26)

before 1467

Part of a set. See all set records

Master of the E-Series Tarocchi

(Italian, 15th century)


Dudley P. Allen Fund 1924.432.26

Catalogue raisonné: Hind E.I. 26a


This engraving is part of the group “C” named Liberal Arts. Conceptually, the liberal arts descended from classical antiquity, and were divided into the Trivium (Grammar, Rhetoric, and Dialectic or Logic) and the Quadrivium (Music, Geometry, Arithmetic, and Astronomy). In the Tarocchi set the total number was risen to ten, with the addition of the three disciplines (Poetry, Philosophy, and Theology). The liberal arts denoted knowledge or skills considered necessary to participate in a free society. By the late Middle Ages, they began to be represented in the visual arts as womanlike allegories.

Here, Musicha (Music) is personified as a young female figure seated upon a swan and playing a recorder, known simply as a flute in the 15th century. At her feet are numerous musical instruments including a portative organ, lute, shawm, harp, and rebec. The swan can be interpreted as a symbol of song, based upon the ancient belief that this bird, which is mute all its life, sings in exquisite tones shortly before it dies.

See also
PR - Engraving
Type of artwork: 
Credit line: 
Dudley P. Allen Fund

Contact us

The information about this object, including provenance, may not be currently accurate. If you notice a mistake or have additional information about this object, please email collectionsdata@clevelandart.org.

To request more information about this object, study images, or bibliography, contact the Ingalls Library Reference Desk.

All images and data available through Open Access can be downloaded for free. For images not available through Open Access, a detail image, or any image with a color bar, request a digital file from Image Services.