Nov 17, 2005



c. 1480

Steel, wood haft

Overall: 184.8 cm (72 3/4 in.); Blade: 11.4 cm (4 1/2 in.)

Weight: 2.24 kg (4.94 lbs.)

Gift of Mr. and Mrs. John L. Severance 1916.1835

Did you know?

With its long shaft, the bill was useful for reaching mounted men, and a military version soon emerged.


This weapon known as the "bill" was developed from an agricultural tool and was one of the first staff weapons to be used by medieval infantries. Used throughout Western Europe, it was particularly popular in Italy and England where it served as an equivalent to the Central European halberd. Fitted with a pronounced hook whose inside and outside curves were cutting edges, it was topped by a long spike.

See also
MED - Arms & Armor
Medieval Art
Type of artwork: 
Arms and Armor

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