Jan 18, 2021
Apr 13, 2010
Apr 13, 2010
Apr 13, 2010
Apr 13, 2010
Apr 13, 2010
Apr 13, 2010

Headdress (beniqa)

Headdress (beniqa)


Linen, silk, and metal

Overall: 210.8 x 17.1 cm (83 x 6 3/4 in.)

Gift of Mr. and Mrs. J. H. Wade 1916.1221


Did you know?

Slender gray lines made in pencil or chalk trace out unstitched designs on this elaborate ritual cap.


Beniqa were stylish headdresses that women wore when visiting the hammam (steam bath). The linen fabric absorbed the damp from their wet hair. With its gold and silver metal thread, shimmering spangles, and brightly colored threads forming flowers and vines, this beniqa was a ceremonial garment worn for the ritual bath before a Jewish woman’s wedding; it was also part of her dowry. After toweling off her hair, a woman made two braids, which she would then twist into the cap’s fabric and tie on her head, with the gold-fringed ends trailing down.

See also
T - Islamic
Type of artwork: 

Contact us

The information about this object, including provenance information, is based on historic information and may not be currently accurate or complete. Research on objects is an ongoing process, but the information about this object may not reflect the most current information available to CMA. If you notice a mistake or have additional information about this object, please email collectionsdata@clevelandart.org.

To request more information about this object, study images, or bibliography, contact the Ingalls Library Reference Desk.

Request a digital file from Image Services that is not available through CC0, a detail image, or any image with a color bar. If you have questions about requesting an image, please email imageservices@clevelandart.org.