The Cleveland Museum of Art

Collection Online as of June 25, 2017

Portrait of a Man, c. 1735

enamel on copper in a gold frame with a blue glass and hair reverse, Framed: 5.1 x 4.3 cm (2 x 1 11/16 in); Unframed: 4.5 x 3.6 cm (1 3/4 x 1 3/8 in). The Edward B. Greene Collection 1940.1221

Unlike fragile portrait miniatures painted in watercolor on vellum or ivory, which are prone to cracking, fading, and flaking, enamels are resilient, impervious to the effects of light, and retain their striking original colors over time. Partly for this reason enamel was considered ideal for reproducing famous paintings and treasured portraits in a reduced and luminous form. The complicated and labor-intensive process of enameling required the artist to fire numerous layers of colored metal oxide at different temperatures. This process made it difficult to produce a faithful portrait likeness, though masters of the medium were able create portraits of remarkable subtlety imbued with the sitter's personality. The heyday of enamel painting was the late-seventeenth and early eighteenth centuries. Among the enamel specialists was the German Christian Friedrich Zincke, who worked in England where he was patronized by Queen Anne, King George I, and King George II, the latter a great lover of enamels. One of the features that help us identify Zinke's work are the lips painted in two different colors - purplish-pink on top and orange below.

Main European Rotation (Gallery 202), January 30, 2012 - July 23, 2012. Verso on display.

Main European Rotation (Gallery 202), July 23, 2013 - May 20, 2014.

The Cleveland Museum of Art (11/10/2013 - 2/16/2014); "Disembodied: Portrait Minatures and their Contemporary Relatives"

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